OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
Term paper on reverse mentoring is a very emerging topic on which through
study gives us invaluable information which we can use in grabbing future
business opportunities. it helps in understanding that now in this globalized
and competitive world, words like organization hierarchy ,inflexibility,
no direct communication does not have much space. In today’s' era everybody’s'
knowledge, wisdom is given equal importance whether it is of high rank
or low rank. so, study on reverse mentoring helps in inferring its' reasons
of existence, its' benefits, proper implementation, and the organizations
who used this concept.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
In terms of a literature review, "the literature" means the
works you consulted in order to understand and investigate your research
problem. Here we have taken articles to understand the concept of reverse
mentoring more clearly.
Moving forward with reverse mentoring
This article try to explain the revolution that reverse mentoring has
made in corporate sector. Hundreds of companies in an array of industries
have established formal and informal programs designed to ratchet up their
competitive firepower. Yet the technological revolution has presented
the modern enterprise--and human resources--with an intriguing irony:
it's not uncommon for young, entry-level workers to have a better understanding
of technology than their managers. In response; many organizations are
shifting into reverse. They're asking tech-savvy employees to teach the
"old dogs" new tricks. "Reverse mentoring can provide substantial
benefits for an organization," says Matt Starcevich, CEO of the Center
for Coaching and Mentoring in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. In a study conducted
last year, the company found that 41 percent of respondents use reverse
mentoring to spread technical expertise and 26 percent rely on younger
staff members to help executives gain a more youthful perspective.
Reverse Mentoring - A Vital Employee Engagement and a Great Employer Branding
This article depicts about the uniqueness of mentoring programe its application
in organization in upgrading employee’s knowledge. Here it is given that
most of us in the human resources function will clearly be able to articulate
the values of a good institutionalized mentoring process, as a component
of organization development. With good leaders acting as mentors, the
mentees - mostly team members, repartees or a colleague - get to learn
new technology, a new process in the organization structure, a new and
innovative way to handle customers or close a sale. An organization that
fosters a good mentoring culture and environment attracts talent that
prefers to learn by the day, innovate, contribute and grow in the rungs.
With mentoring having been around for a while, and widely accepted at
the personal and organizational level, the benefits are there to see for
all. To make reverse mentoring work and add real value, senior line management,
the HR function, the CEO/CXO level, and even the board must commit to
integration of 'reverse mentoring' in the overall scheme of things. This
is the most vital need, as without this commitment, the organization can
never get the real benefits of the process. Implementing RM in isolation
is something better not done.
Reverse Mentoring: How to Tap Into the Millennial Generation
This is a really interesting article in the Atlanta Business Chronicle.
the author correctly observes, Millennial can “easily translate their
social skills into the business environment – turning social media skills
into customer communication skills.” I have seen the need for these skills
(and more importantly, the need for access to people with these skills)
increase every day. Business owners are hungry for knowledge of how to
generate online leads and gain more prospects through innovative techniques
using social media. As I tell colleagues all the time (and to whoever
will listen), it’s NOT about the technology, it’s about the message. Social
media, used correctly, is just another medium to use in which you can
spread your business message.
So for discovering talent in reverse mentoring, It’s important to determine
two things: 1) what you have to offer that young people would want to
know in return and 2) be specific and realistic about what you want to
know. Spread the word out there about what you’re looking for to see who
might be a good, mutually beneficial match for your needs. Reverse Mentoring
is economical, smart, and done correctly, is guaranteed to produce results.
Getting students fully involved - Reverse mentoring
THE COMPARISON IS OFTEN MADE today between students as digital natives
and teachers as digital immigrants. This comparison recognizes that teachers
are often new to technology. Most in- service teachers did not learn to
use technology when they were in their teacher-training programs or their
student-teaching placements. In fact, many teachers have only recently
learned how to use email and the Internet. For most, technology is not
natural - it has to be learned from the ground up. Students, on the other
hand, have grown up in a world that is rich with technology. They have
never known a time without computers and the multiple computing devices
that are in most homes (even if these devices aren't recognized as computers).
They are as familiar with using new technology tools as they are riding
a bicycle - possibly more so. They don't need to be trained to use most
technology - they simply dive in, use it and see what happens. Tapping
into the inherent strengths and interests of these digital natives can
be good for both teachers and students as various technology products
are introduced into everyday teaching and learning.
Reverse Mentoring in HOK's Chicago Office
Erik Andersen, 44, a design principal in HOK's Chicago office, relies
on Yu Leung L, to use new technologies in presenting architectural designs
to his clients. His mentor, a recent immigrant, hasn't mastered English
yet. But Mr. Andersen says he does well to seek out Mr. Yu's advice.
"For a time, I was a specialist. But over time, the that level of
comfort that we're communicating better with clients and meeting their
expectations of the design," Mr. Andersen says.
As in any good mentorship, Mr. Yu says he's learning just as much from
"I'm learning how to organize a project and the importance of presentation,"
he says, smiling. "And we share a spirit."
Those who study work relationships say "reverse mentoring" is
likely to become more common as companies face increased pressure to please
a youth-oriented market.
Human Resources Management - Mentoring / Coaching se
This article looks at a mentoring program with students from Berkeley
High School and the impact it is having on mentee.
A conversation between an experienced teacher and a former student teacher
about their mentor-mentee-relationship six years ago.
Choosing a mentor or mentee can be a powerful moment in your professional
life. Making the mentoring relationship work is not always easy and requires
time and dedication from both parties. This article will define and explore
the mentoring relationship, listing .key factors for such
This paper presents the findings of a qualitative research study into
critical moments in the coaching relationship. The research highlighted
that critical moments are unforeseen and characterized by intense emotions
and anxiety within the coaching relationship.
Once a top-down, senior-to-junior relationship, mentoring has evolved
into a multifaceted, flexible process that builds employee retention and
development. And in at least one major company, finance took the lead
in program development.
Research methodology is defined as "the systematic study of methods
that are, can be, or have been applied within a discipline. So, I tried
my best in maintaining the term paper in well structured format. I used
two types of data sources.
Secondary data: I collected secondary data from internet which helped
a lot in gaining insights into this topic.
Primary data: primary data is collected from newspapers, magazines, from
organizations that are using this concept like Lovely professional university,
Reverse mentoring is very new concept. People think about mentoring like
introducing people to one another for mutual benefits from knowing each
other. In the workplace or in schools and crutches, the younger are training
their older colleagues through the electronic technical landscape as well
as on life issues. So in reverse mentoring there is nothing present like
seniority, experience because many leaders think that knowledge is not
one-way street. It is benefited to all involved to share expertise. So
reverse mentoring is very interesting, invaluable and practical approach.
Then use what they have learned to strengthen their career position
Reverse mentoring is defined as,"The concept of a senior person
learning new & latest concepts from a fairly young & junior person",
While traditional mentoring focuses on passing knowledge from professional
to up-and-coming stars.
For example: when young internet or mobile savvy younger generations teach
older people about the use of smart phones.
Thus under Reverse Mentoring, a younger or less experienced Executive
helps a more senior manager gain insight into areas, such as computers
and changing IT technology, changing mindsets & expectations of the
younger generation, new business concepts, thinking out of the box etc.
WHY PARTICIPATE IN REVERSE MENTORING/BENEFITS
• Improves decision making as it brings a lot of associated inputs in
terms of feeling of employees, new development around the industry, best
practices etc. and create more tightly knit relationship with juniors.
So it serves as an element of Decision Support System.
• Reverse mentoring helps senior executives learn new areas as computers,
technology, culture and other highly focused technical areas.
• Senior employees learn new skills and competencies that boost their
job performance and motivate them to work better.
• It is a part of natural evolution of learning as business in the digital
age requires more than a pulse and a briefcase.
• Subordinates or Mentors, “Having a direct line of communication with
the senior executive is invaluable” which is the most important feature
of this relationship.
• It opens a direct opportunity to gain a great deal of confidence.
• It helps in gaining insights and wisdom that could otherwise take years
• It is a tool for opening the channels of communication and knowledge
• It helps junior employees face critical situations along with the seniors
which otherwise would have not faced being young & junior. There is
no substitute to experience. The young ones greatly benefit from the treasure
of experience of seniors and their calm.
• Reverse mentoring is very beneficial for organizations whether it is
done formally or informally. It attracts the many possible gains-
• Increased level of expertise and productivity by providing assistance,
guidance & informal skill for the mentees.
• Reduced turnover and Increase in Loyalty.
• 1-to-1 relationship acquired helps foster a feeling of caring and support
through testing times.
• Development of managerial talent. A young employee can provide skills
and knowledge about new technologies which normally would not be provided
to the mentee or if provided it would be very expensive and time consuming.
• Increase the mentor’s skill of communication, problem solving and resource
management which could be beneficial to the organization in the long run.
• Saves time and money spent on training activities.
• Helps seniors to understand the aspirations and feeling of young ones
and culture fitness in the organization. It proves beneficial in many
staffing decisions such as hiring, induction, training, placement etc.
• It also facilitates resourcing the energy and enthusiasm of the young
ones in the organization and having perfect fusion of their individual
goals with those of the organizations.
EMERGENCE OF REVERSE MENTORING
'reverse mentoring' as a concept initiated in practice, had its roots
in GE, where general electric chairman Mr. Jack Welch used it as a great
tool to learn about the internet, technology applications, which later
went on to bring in humongous changes in the way of work at GE. Those
events were a beginning to a transformation of GE as a technology driven
organization, using the power of the internet to integrate the many components
of GE - productions, suppliers, sales, marketing, and customers. So Reverse
mentoring is a mentoring program targeting older or less technologically
inclined employees, managers, and executives. The purpose of reverse mentoring
is to improve their skills with new technologies by spending time being
mentored by a younger, more technologically savvy employee. Because of
the exposure to technology that younger generations get in everyday life,
this approach as a learning tool greatly lessens the technology gap between
This allows the less technologically advanced employee to:
• Understand basic software systems used in the workplace
• Understand unfamiliar terms or concepts related to technology
IMPLEMENTING REVERSE MENTORING
Setting up a successful Reverse Mentoring program requires a great deal
of effort and planning. Without a solid foundation, it is likely to encounter
more than a few problems and participants may be hurt. there are 5 Step
for Reverse Mentoring program-
1 Developing a structured program: Either, assign mentoring
pairs or, let participants find mentors/mentees they feel they will be
comfortable with. What’s important is to develop a set of goals, objectives
and ground rules.
2 Make the program a priority: Participants must understand
the importance of a reverse mentoring program and block time which mentors
& mentees would spend with each other so that seniors do not miss
those sessions due to their busy schedule.
3 Screen the members: Being young doesn’t automatically
make a person an authority on what’s “COOL”. Mentors must have patience
and temperament to work with senior executives as the seniors may be reluctant
to open up with someone so junior.
4 Provide proper training: Mentor must learn what’s important
and how to show patience and the mentee has to check his or her ego at
the door, otherwise the whole reverse mentoring program may fall.
5 Solicit feedback and make necessary changes: Reverse
mentoring can require CORRECTION. By surveying participants it’s possible
to identify strengths and weaknesses and make the adjustment necessary
to achieve success.
A study of mentoring techniques most commonly used in business. five major
techniques or "wisdom tactics" were found to be used most commonly
by mentors. These are:
1. Accompanying: This means making a commitment in a
caring way. Accompanying involves taking part in the learning process
by taking the path with the learner.
2. Sowing: Mentors are often confronted with the difficulty
of preparing the learner before he or she is ready to change. Sowing is
necessary when you know that what you say may not be understood or even
acceptable to learners at first but will make sense and have value to
the mentee when the situation requires it.
3. Catalyzing: When change reaches a critical level of
pressure, learning can jump. Here the mentor chooses to plunge the learner
right into change, provoking a different way of thinking, a change in
identity or a re-ordering of values.
4. Showing: this is making something understandable,
or using your own example to demonstrate a skill or activity. You show
what you are talking about, you show by your own behavior.
5. Harvesting: Here the mentor focuses on “picking the
ripe fruit”: it is usually learned to create awareness of what was learned
by experience and to draw conclusions. The key questions here are: "What
have you learned?" "How useful is it?"
Different techniques may be used by mentors according to the situation
and the psychological mindset of the mentee.
The idea of reverse mentoring is good, but should be used Judiciously
as many problems may occur in this concept like:
• The challenging issue in reverse mentoring, however, is the ego factor.
Senior executives may not like taking advice from executives who are juniors
• It is not present formally, therefore, little Reverse Mentoring is found
• Reverse mentoring programs may wither if they lack clear and adequate
• If not handled properly it can ruin the work atmosphere and discipline
in the organization.
SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION OF REVERSE MENTORING
Successful reverse mentoring requires some careful planning. Here are
some key factors to making sure mentoring works in reverse:
• Hire future leaders
Young employees aren’t often asked to pass on their knowledge to older,
more experienced managers and supervisors — it’s an intimidating prospect.
To gain the most from your new employees, make sure you’re hiring people
who will be comfortable taking a leading role from time to time.
• Survey new employees after three months on the job.
Surveying new employees will glean(collect) insight about the workplace,
the culture, communication, customers and other factors. The fresh perspective
is invaluable, and the anonymous aspect of a survey encourages people
to speak freely, eliminating the “ego” factor from the equation. Older
employees can benefit from younger insights without one-on-one mentoring.
• Set up a regular “View from the Front Lines” meeting.
This can occur within departments or it can be company-wide. Allow new
employees who interact the most with customers to brief their deskbound
managers and supervisors on what’s really happening.
• Set goals.
Be clear about the goals & expectations of how such an approach will
make a difference. Send a memo detailing how the younger employees’ expertise
will be tapped to help the company.
• Training is essential.
Because of the reversed circumstances, the young mentors may also need
help to build confidence and put into practice a role that contradicts
the typical business hierarchy.
•Training the mentor to be patient and restricting his or her advice to
relevant topics only.
•Privacy and confidentiality are also important for seniors who don’t
wish to be seen as depending on the TIPS from the employees with less
With those factors in place, the experienced veterans in your organization
can start learning new tricks from the talented recruits? and your whole
company will benefit from it.
HOW COMPANIES HANDLING REVERSE MENTORING
There are examples of companies who have used and handling concept of
reverse mentoring successfully
• GE: General Electric describes their senior management
technology training program in terms of reverse mentoring. The process
requires senior managers including Welch to spend time learning from Internet
or technology experts from within the company. This learning includes
basic Internet skills, discussing important trends management is not aware
of, and other similar activities.
• Proctor and Gamble: is a corporation that has been
showcased for its successful implementation of reverse mentoring in a
variety of ways. For example, a staff scientist who holds a Ph.D. in toxicology
mentored a Chief Information Officer (CIO) in the area of biotechnology
to increase his awareness and knowledge of the relationships between business
and science (Solomon, 2001; Greengard, 2002). Another Proctor and Gamble
program that has been acknowledged by the public is the Mentor Up program
which pairs mid-level female managers with upper-level male managers to
improve cross-gender communication.
• Lovely professional university: also adopting the concept
of reverse mentoring by taking suggestions of students who ranked top
positions and from teachers about changes in current running programs
and take into considerations about their innovative ideas of upgrading
• Nokia: As the telecom giant transforms itself from
a devices company to one that provides complete mobile solutions, its
top management learns vital lessons through "reverse mentoring".
Mr. Jasmeet Gandhi who is employee of Nokia company is acting as mentor
and give very valuable ideas to company. He is part of a brand of "gurus",
junior employees all, that decodes cutting edge technology, social organization,
competition and roadmap. Each guru is a domain expert.
• Wharton School of Business requires older MBA candidates with long resumes
to partner with younger, full-time students. The exchange of information
goes both ways.
So both, the mentor and the mentee must have certain qualities and attributes.
Both the parties have their share of responsibilities which when fulfilled
can make a reverse mentoring program successful. Top layer employees must
realize that knowledge isn't a one-way street. It's in everyone's best
interest to share expertise.
It’s the young people, the counter workers, and the servers, the desk
clerks that really see and hear how the company, its policies, procedures
and products, are perceived by the public. The fact that a vice president
worked on the front lines 20 years ago doesn’t make him or her expert
in what’s happening now.
So reverse mentoring improves decision making, upgrading knowledge of
senior executives, learn new skills and competencies, revolution in learning,
remove deadlock in communication, confidence, insights and wisdom. Many
organizations are adopting it to gain more productivity and turnover by
making its employees productive through reverse mentoring.
It also has some weaknesses like people may have ego factor, informal
procedure, lack adequate goals, if not handled properly may ruin environment.
Yet the technological revolution has presented the modern enterprise--and
human resources--with an intriguing irony: it's not uncommon for young,
entry-level workers to have a better understanding of technology than
their managers. Often, a new employee is able to see things clearly without
the filter of years of experience, which can sometimes cloud the truth.
FREE TERM PAPER »
FREE TERM PAPERS